Your Hair Structure

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Your Questions Answered
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Hair Types
Hair Types

It is possible to classify the different hair types using the Andre Walker system, where each type; is further branched into their respective subcategories. These pertain to texture, curl, thickness, susceptibility to damage and ease of styling. See below a table which explains the different hair types in more detail.

Type 1: Straight  
1aStraight
(Fine/Thin)
Hair tends to be very soft, shiny, oily, poor at holding curls but difficult to damage
1bStraight
(Medium)
Hair characterised by volume and body
1cStraight
(Coarse)
Hair tends to be bone-straight and difficult to curl. Common in Asian women
Type 1: Straight  
1aStraight
(Fine/Thin)
Hair tends to be very soft, shiny, oily, poor at holding curls but difficult to damage
1bStraight
(Medium)
Hair characterised by volume and body
1cStraight
(Coarse)
Hair tends to be bone-straight and difficult to curl. Common in Asian women

Type 2: Wavy  
2aWavy
(Fine/Thin)
Hair has a definite ‘S’ pattern and is usually receptive to a variety of styles
2bWavy
(Medium)
Can tend to be frizzy and a little resistant to styling
2cWavy
(Coarse)
Frizzy or very frizzy with thicker waves; often more resistant to styling
Type 2: Wavy  
2aWavy
(Fine/Thin)
Hair has a definite ‘S’ pattern and is usually receptive to a variety of styles
2bWavy
(Medium)
Can tend to be frizzy and a little resistant to styling
2cWavy
(Coarse)
Frizzy or very frizzy with thicker waves; often more resistant to styling

Type 3: Curly  
3aCurly
(Loose)
Curly hair that usually presents a definite ‘S’ pattern and tends to combine thickness, fullness, body and/or frizziness
3bCurly
(Tight)
As 3a but with tighter curling like a spiral
Type 3: Curly  
3aCurly
(Loose)
Curly hair that usually presents a definite ‘S’ pattern and tends to combine thickness, fullness, body and/or frizziness
3bCurly
(Tight)
As 3a but with tighter curling like a spiral

Type 4: Kinky  
4aKinky
(Soft)
Hair tends to be very fragile, tightly coiled and can feature curly patterning
4bKinky
(Wiry)
As 4a but with less visible (or no) curly patterning
4cKinky
(Wiry)
As 4a and 4b but with almost no defined curl pattern
Type 4: Kinky  
4aKinky
(Soft)
Hair tends to be very fragile, tightly coiled and can feature curly patterning
4bKinky
(Wiry)
As 4a but with less visible (or no) curly patterning
4cKinky
(Wiry)
As 4a and 4b but with almost no defined curl pattern
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Hair Structure
Hair Structure

Hair is composed of a protein called keratin, which sprouts from the epidermis of the root. The base of the hair shaft, known as the hair bulb lies within the epidermis. The dermal papilla provides the blood supply to the epidermis and is situated at the base of the hair bulb, to provide nourishment for the hair that grows from it. Glands are responsible for equipping both the hair follicles and the hair shaft, with the natural oils and keeping them healthy.
Hair Growth Cycle
Hair Growth Cycle

There are three stages of this cycle, from the beginning with the growth at the root to hair shedding.

  1. Anagen
  • A hair follicle's growth period.
  • Possible duration of 3-5 years.

  1. Catagen
  • The intermediate stage, of which the hair follicles prepare to rest.
  • Possible duration of 1 to 2 weeks.
  • Hair follicles start to collapse around the base.

  1. Telogen
  • Final stage - the shedding of the follicles.
  • Possible duration of 3 to 4 months.

On completion of the three stages, the hair growth will begin again from the first step and, the cycle continues allowing new hair growth.


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